After achieving victory in 1640, João II, Duke of Braganza ascended the throne as João IV of Portugal. He dedicated his crown to Our Lady, and after that, no further coronations were held - instead, an ‘acclamation’ ceremony in which the crown jewels were present was held for each new monarch.
The Portuguese collection suffered another great loss after an earthquake destroyed the Ribeira Palace in 1755, as several pieces had been lost. In 1817, João VI had a new crown and mantle made for his acclamation, this set is the one that still exists.
Later additions include a sceptre, mantle and pieces of jewelry made for Luis I and his consort Maria Pia of Savoy in 1861. Further additions might have been made, yet another loss came in the 2002, when a part of the collection was stolen from a museum in The Hague.
The current set consists of:
- The Crown of João VI (1817), unique among Euripean crowns as it is composed only of pure gold and velvet, made for João VI’s acclamation in 1817
- The Sceptre of the Armillary, also made for João VI
- The royal mantle, also made for João VI
- The Sceptre of the Dragon, made for Maria II’s acclamation-in-exile in London in 1828
- The royal mantle of Luis I, made for his acclamation in 1861
- The jewellry that belonged to Queen Maria Pia (neé princess of Savoy), wife of Luis I of Portugal
The jewels are kept at the Ajuda Palace in Lisbon.
1. Portrait of João IV of Portugal by Manuel Antonio de Castro - 1852, Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo
2. Portrait of King Afonso VI of Portugal by unknown painter - late 17th century
3. Portrait of João V of Portugal by Domenico Duprà - 1730
4. Crown and sceptre of João IV of Portugal
5. Portrait of José I of Portugal by Miguel António do Amaral - c. 1773, The Hermitage
6. Portrait of Mariana Victoria of Spain, Queen of Portugal by Miguel António do Amaral - c. 1773, The Hermitage
7. Portrait of Maria I of Portugal by unknown painter - late 18th century
8. The Sceptre of the Armillary (1817) and Sceptre of the Dragon (1828)
9. Portrait of Maria II, Queen of Portugal by John Simpson - c. 1837, Imperial Museum of Brazil
10. Acclamation portrait of Manoel II of Portugal
Source for all pictures (x)